Health CareHow is CBD Oil Made?
CBD Oil Ingredients

How is CBD Oil Made?

CBD is increasing in popularity and appearing in more and more health stores, online CBD shops, and pharmacies across the UK. The food and beauty industries have embraced it, creating a vast number of different products for various needs. CBD products are diverse and range in uptake. From CBD oils, vapes,capsules, creams and edibles, the possibilities of how CBD can be incorporated into products seems endless.

CBD boasts a huge amount of health benefits and in recent years, science has been able to research this, providing plenty of evidence to advocate its use for health and wellbeing. Whether you’re looking for fast-action pain relief, to soothe and regenerate your skin, or to achieve a sense of calm and relaxation – there is something for everyone.

This article dives into deep detail about how CBD oil is made.

What is CBD?

CBD is one of the two most prominent compounds in the cannabis plant, THC being the other. THC is what evokes the ‘high’ associated with cannabis, whereas CBD does not have such effect on the brain. Instead, CBD is completely natural and perfectly safe to use.

When choosing a CBD oil to buy it’s important to understand how CBD oil is made, so you can look out for some key signs as to what makes a good quality option. For example, that you are buying from a reputable and certified company. This means that you can be sure you’re getting a high-quality and safe-to-use product.

How is CBD Oil Made?

CBD is available mostly in oil form. CBD oil is extracted from the hemp plant and then mixed with a ‘carrier’ oil. For example, olive oil. The main reason for using a ‘carrier’ oil is because it improves the bioavailability of the CBD and supports the body’s ability to absorb it well. The most common carrier oils are:

  • Medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) oil
  • Hemp seed oil
  • Olive oil
  • Avocado oil

The are several processes involved in how CBD is made – cultivation, extraction, and the refining of the CBD oil. Allow us to explain.

How CBD Oil is Made – Cultivation

CBD is derived from the Hemp plant. This is grown legally is Europe and the U.S – California is a popular U.S state famed for its production and use of CBD. CBD oil is cultivated from the hemp seeds and contains less than 0.2% THC as per EU regulations. The hemp plants that are used for CBD oil production are grown and nurtured to contain high levels of CBD.

How CBD Oil is Made – Extraction

There are several types of CBD extraction, and different supplier will have a different approach depending on what end-product they wish to produce.

In general, the cultivation process involves the use of solvents since these are most effective in separating the CBD molecule from the other compounds found in the cannabis plant. Afterwards, the solvents evaporate leaving behind pure CBD oil.

The most common method of CBD oil extraction is CO2 extraction, using supercritical carbon dioxide. The hemp is placed in a chamber which is then filled with carbon dioxide. By applying pressure to the chamber, the carbon dioxide is turned to liquid, which then absorbs the hemp’s oils and flavours. The result is a liquid consisting of both carbon dioxide and CBD. This liquid is then pumped into a final chamber where the carbon dioxide is turned into gas.

Even though this extraction methos is safe and efficient, and produces very potent CBD oil, it is important to know that it isn’t always alcohol free. Typically, the CBD oil will need to be further refined with an alcohol solvent to create CBD isolate or distillate.

Another popular method of CBD extraction is alcohol extraction. This option uses liquid solvents such as ethanol, butane, or isopropyl alcohol. This is widely regarded as one of the simplest extraction methods. As a plant-based solvent, ethanol apparently helps maintain the hemp’s natural chemical compounds like terpenes during the extraction. Therefore, it’s popular for producing full-spectrum CBD. However, some tests have shown that the solvent residue isn’t always fully eliminated during the evaporation step. In addition, when natural solvents like ethanol are used, the chlorophyll may also be extracted during the process, and this gives the resulting oil an unpleasant taste.

How CBD Oil is Made – Refinement

How CBD oil is made is made up of many steps and it’s not a solvent-free process. Following extraction, the CBD Oil goes through a precise, multi-stage refinement and distillation process until all that is left is the pure CBD Oil.

CBD products can be made with either full/ broad spectrum CBD or isolate CBD. The choice will be determined by the level of CBD wanted. CBD isolate is the pure form of CBD, while full-spectrum CBD is an extract containing other compounds of the cannabis plant, such as terpenes and other cannabinoids. It is argued that full spectrum is most beneficial since the CBD and other plant compounds like terpenes work in harmony to produce a greater benefit on the body – this is known as the “entourage effect”.

How CBD Oil is Made – Testing

How CBD oil is made is a very rigorous process. Extraction is only the beginning. While you may be left with a great CBD oil, it is important that is goes through a testing phase before offered to customers. They also test for the levels of heavy metals, pesticides, and other toxins that may be present in a product. Hemp is notoriously good at absorbing anything it encounters as it grows. These tests can ensure that a CBD manufacturer is cultivating their product in a safe and clean environment.

What does CBD oil taste like in the end?

The natural taste of CBD has a distinct earthy grass-like taste which isn’t very pleasant for most people. However, most CBD oils are made with carrier oils like coconut and mint. Therefore, you can choose from a variety of flavours when picking a CBD oil to try.

Jay is a CBD enthusiast and wellness expert who has spent many years studying the impacts of CBD on the human body and on pets such as dogs and cats. His expertise crosses both the physical and mental impacts of CBD. Jay is a regular consumer of products such as gummies and oils, and is passionate about sharing the wide ranging benefits of CBD.

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All CBD products are a food supplement. None of our products are intended to treat, cure or prevent any disease.